|Death Date: November 11, 1976
|Alexander Calder was born July 2nd, 1898 in Pennsylvania to a family of artists. His mother, Nanette Lederer Calder, was a painter; his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, a sculptor and his grandfather, Alexander Milne Calder, the sculptor who created the 35 feet effigy of William Penn that stand on top of Philadelphia’s City Hall.
Calder graduated in 1919 from Stevens Institute of Technology as a mechanical engineer. In the years 1924 through 1926 he worked in New York City as a free-lance artist for the National Police Gazette. During this same period, Calder studied at the Art Students League with John Sloan and George Luks.
Calder experimented with wire constructions and abstract paintings and became know for his movable sculptures. In 1932 Marcel Duchamp christened these objects as mobiles. Calder has worked in many forms of printmaking such as etchings, woodcuts, linoleum cuts and lithographs. His simple, hard-edge images and limited range of pure colors make bold visual statements, especially within printmaking.
Calder achieved artistic recognition in his career before he passed away in New York City in 1976.